Topography: Aerial Photography from April 20th, 1945
- © Luftbilddatenbank Ing. Büro Dr. Carls, Würzburg
The area of the camp is divided into two sections – the former
concentration camp with the prisoners' camp, crematorium, camp
headquarters and living quarters for the guards, and the SS training
camp with barracks and classrooms. Although the SS training camp was
completely separated from the actual concentration camp area, beginning
in 1939/1940 the SS troops in the training camp were also considered to
be part of the Waffen SS, of which the SS men in the concentration camp
were also members. Multiple factories, in which the prisoners had to work,
were located in both sections of the camp. Apartments and villas owned
by SS men could be found on the former „Street of the SS,“ which ran
along the south end of the camp, as well as on „Theodor-Eicke-Platz,“
which was located south-west of the prisoners' camp. The SS housing area
was located outside of the camp and was accessible to the public.
The prisoners were forced to construct a large herb garden (plantation) adjacent to the eastern side of the camp.
Aerial Photography 2006
The Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial site is comprised of the former prisoner camp and the former crematorium area, which was outside the area of the prisoners' camp itself. The memorial site was founded in 1965 through the initiative of survivours of the concentration camp. A number of the original buildings from the time of the concentration camp have been preserved (incl. the Jourhaus, the maintenance building, the bunker, the crematorium and the guard towers). However, two barracks have been reconstructed and foundations have been placed where the original barracks once stood. In addition, a central memorial has been erected on the former roll-call area.
The present-day memorial site is consciously designed to remember the over 200,000 prisoners from 34 nations who died and suffered in the concentration camp. The „Path of Remembrance“, that leads from the Dachau train station to the memorial site, as well as the tour through the present-day memorial site, expose visitors to historical traces, relics and original buildings that existed during the time of the concentration camp. The visitor is invited to discover these remaining traces and to thus discover the history of the site. The virtual tour on the following page is a starting point.