Literature Tips


Mannheimer, Max (edited and revised by Marie Luise von der Leyen): Drei Leben: Erinnerungen. - Munich: dtv 2012

Max Mannheimer spends a carefree boyhood in a small town in Moravia. The first signs of a political turnaround become evident there in the mid-1930s. In October 1938 the Sudetenland is annexed in the “Anschluss” and the German Army marches in. The old life is gone forever. Together with many other Jews, the Mannheimer family is forced to leave their homeland and find a new place to live. Restrictions and harassment increase. In 1943 they are deported to Auschwitz. Max Mannheimer’s parents, three of his siblings, and his wife are all murdered. Together with his younger brother he survives further deportations to the Warsaw and Dachau concentration camps. After liberation his third life begins. Max Mannheimer starts a family and for a long time suppresses his ordeal. After the death of his second wife, who had been active in the resistance, he is moved to write down his memories of the Holocaust. Written in the form of a “late diary” they become known worldwide.


Pilwousek, Ingelore (ed.): Verfolgung und Widerstand: Das Schicksal Münchner Sozialdemokraten in der NS-Zeit. - Munich: Volk Verlag 2012

The Social Democrats were amongst the first victims of the Nazi reign of violence. Without exception persecution by the new dictators meant the loss of their political offices, while for most this also involved periods in prison and finally emigration or a retreat into private life. Many died while detained in the concentration camps or prisons; others committed suicide.

This memorial book is based on the files and documents of court proceedings, the prisoner lists of concentration camps and the Munich police. Reparation documents from the postwar period are also used.

The goal of the book project is to document the precise extent and various facets of the persecution of Munich’s Social Democrats, as well as rekindle the memory of those who suffered and their fates.



KZ-Gedenkstätte Dachau (ed.): Recording Survival. Photo portraits by Elija Boßler; exhibition catalogue with biographies. – Dachau: KZ-Gedenkstätte Dachau 2013

Sister Elija Boßler has lived in the Carmelite convent Heilig Blut Dachau, located on the former grounds of the Dachau concentration camp, since 1966. At the end of 2011 she presented the archive of the Dachau Memorial Site some 100 striking black-and-white photographs she had taken of survivors of the Dachau camp over a period spanning twenty years.

A selection of these remarkable portraits is presented in the exhibition and this accompanying catalog. The photographs are complemented by short biographies of the former prisoners.


Megargee, Geoffrey P. (Hrsg.): The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945 - Volume II: Ghettos in German Occupied Eastern Europe, Part A. -Bloomington : Indiana University Press 2012 

This volume offers a comprehensive account of how the Nazis conducted the Holocaust throughout the scattered towns and villages of Poland and the Soviet Union. It covers more than 1,150 sites, including both open and closed ghettos. Regional essays outline the patterns of ghettoization in 19 German administrative regions. Each entry discusses key events in the history of the ghetto; living and working conditions; activities of the Jewish Councils; Jewish responses to persecution; demographic changes; and details of the ghetto's liquidation. Personal testimonies help convey the character of each ghetto, while source citations provide a guide to additional information. Documentation of hundreds of smaller sites—previously unknown or overlooked in the historiography of the Holocaust—make this an indispensable reference work on the destroyed Jewish communities of Eastern Europe.


Wachsmann, Nikolaus ; Goeschel, Christian (Hrsg.) : The Nazi Concentration Camps, 1933-1939 : A documentary history. - Lincoln : University of Nebraska 2012

Weeks after Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, the Nazi regime established the first concentration camps in Germany. Initially used for real and suspected political enemies, the camps increasingly came under SS control and became sites for the repression of social outsiders and German Jews. Terror was central to the Nazi regime from the beginning, and the camps gradually moved toward the center of repression, torture, and mass murder during World War II and the Holocaust. This collection brings together revealing primary documents on the crucial origins of the Nazi concentration camp system in the prewar years between 1933 and 1939, which have been overlooked thus far. Many of the documents are unpublished and have been translated into English for the first time. These documents provide insight into the camps from multiple perspectives, including those of prisoners, Nazi officials, and foreign observers, and shed light on the complex relationship between terror, state, and society in the Third Reich.